JMSLTM Numerical Library 7.2.0
com.imsl.math

Class CsTCB

• All Implemented Interfaces:
Serializable, Cloneable

public class CsTCB
extends Spline
Extension of the Spline class to handle a tension-continuity-bias (TCB) cubic spline, also known as a Kochanek-Bartels spline and is a generalization of the Catmull-Rom spline.

Let xData, yData, and the length of xData and yData. Class CsTCB computes the Kochanek-Bartels spline, a piecewise cubic Hermite spline interpolant to the set of data points for . The breakpoints of the spline are the abscissas. As with all of the univariate interpolation functions, the abscissas need not be sorted.

The values are the knots, so the -th interval is . (To simplify the explanation, it is assumed that the data points are given in increasing order.) The cubic Hermite in the -th segment has a starting value of and an ending value of . Its incoming tangent is where is the -th tension value, is the -th continuity value, and is the -th bias value. Its outgoing tangent is The value of the tangent at the endpoint, left, is given as: The value of the tangent at the endpoint, right, is given as: By default the values of the tangents at the leftmost and rightmost endpoints are zero. These values can be reset via the setLeftEndTangent and setRightEndTangent methods.

The spline has a continuous first derivative ( ) if at each data point the left and right tangents are equal. This is true if the continuity parameters, , are all zero. For any values of the parameters the spline is continuous ( ).

If for all , then the curve is the Catmull-Rom spline.

The following chart shows the same data points interpolated with different parameter values. All of the tension, continuity, and bias parameters are zero except for the labeled parameter, which has the indicated value at all data points.

Tension controls how sharply the spline bends at the data points. The tension values can be set via the setTension method. If tension values are near +1, the curve tightens. If the tension values are near -1, the curve slackens.

The continuity parameter controls the continuity of the first derivative. The continuity values can be set via the setContinuity method. If the continuity value is zero, the spline's first derivative is continuous, so the spline is .

The bias parameter controls the weighting of the left and right tangents. If zero, the tangents are equally weighted. If the bias parameter is near +1, the left tangent dominates. If the bias parameter is near -1, the right tangent dominates. The bias values can be set via the setBias method. Example, Serialized Form
• Constructor Detail

• CsTCB

public CsTCB(double[] xData,
double[] yData)
Constructs the tension-continuity-bias (TCB) cubic spline interpolant to the given data points.
Parameters:
xData - a double array containing the x-coordinates of the data. Values must be distinct. xData and yData must be of the same length.
yData - a double array containing the y-coordinates of the data. xData and yData must be of the same length.
• Method Detail

• compute

public void compute()
Computes the tension-continuity-bias (TCB) cubic spline interpolant.
• getLeftEndTangent

public double getLeftEndTangent()
Returns the value of the tangent at the leftmost endpoint.
Returns:
A double value of the tangent at the leftmost endpoint.
• getRightEndTangent

public double getRightEndTangent()
Returns the value of the tangent at the rightmost endpoint.
Returns:
A double value of the tangent at the rightmost endpoint.
• setBias

public void setBias(double[] bias)
Sets the bias values at the data points.
Parameters:
bias - A double array of length xData.length which contains bias values in the interval [-1,1]. For each point, if the bias value is zero, the left and right side tangents are equally weighted. If the value is near +1, the left-side tangent dominates. If the value is near -1, the right side tangent dominates. By default, all values of bias are zero.
• setContinuity

public void setContinuity(double[] continuity)
Sets the continuity values at the data points.
Parameters:
continuity - A double array of length xData.length which contains continuity values in the interval [-1,1]. For each point, if the continuity value is zero, the curve is at that point. Otherwise, the curve has a corner at that point, but is still continuous ( ). By default, all values of continuity are zero.
• setLeftEndTangent

public void setLeftEndTangent(double left)
Sets the value of the tangent at the left endpoint.
Parameters:
left - A double value of the tangent at the leftmost endpoint. The default value is zero.
• setRightEndTangent

public void setRightEndTangent(double right)
Sets the value of the tangent at the right endpoint.
Parameters:
right - A double value of the tangent at the rightmost endpoint. The default value is zero.
• setTension

public void setTension(double[] tension)
Sets the tension values at the data points.
Parameters:
tension - A double array of length xData.length which contains tension values in the interval [-1,1]. For each point, if the tension value is near +1, the curve is tightened at that point. If it is near -1, the curve is slack. By default, all values of tension are zero.
JMSLTM Numerical Library 7.2.0